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Shiva Asar B'Tammuz: Chipping Away

The nature of the relationship between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors has been the subject of much debate in psychology. The James-Lange theory of emotion, a combination of the theories of 19th century psychologists William James and Carl Lange, states that emotions are caused by physiological responses to external events. Sigmund Freud and others proposed that unconscious drives, urges, and tensions generate emotions and motivate actions. The cognitive-behavioral model of emotion asserts that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are all interconnected, such that thoughts can lead to feelings, which motivate behavior, and at the same time, our behaviors create new emotions, which can affect our thoughts, and our emotions can similarly generate thoughts and behaviors, as well.